2020 Interactive Paper Calendar 

DAJI DALI

Wansian Lai, Iris Chen



The interactive calendar of the year 2020 is made for introducing Taiwanese traditional Holidays to foreigners. The concept of the interactivities is based on the customs or topic of the main holiday each month. We utilize the characteristics of paper, such as foldable, tearable, pressable and so on to apply different methods of interaction. Through interaction, people could understand Taiwanese holidays more.


 




JANUARY





01 Spring Festival

During Spring Festival(Lunar New Year)in Taiwan, it is the tradition and custom that paper-cuts decorations are applied to windows or doors.  People glued the paper-cuts to the exterior of windows, so the light from the inside would shine through the hollow space of the cutout, and usually the paper-cuts symbolize good luck and happiness. Through counting down to 2021 and tearing off the calendar of the past date, the decoration of paper-cuts for Chinese New Year is also completed.








FEBRUARY





02 Lantern Festival

In Taiwan, one of the traditions on the Lantern Festival is eating tangyuan (sweet rice ball). The pronunciation of the Mandarin word “tangyuan” is similar to the mandarin word “tuanyuan”, which means reunion. When putting down the “tangyuan” paper, the complete dates would be unfolded and shown, which symbolizes that people put “tangyuans” into the bowl.







MARCH




03 Arbor Day

In Taiwan, the Arbor Day is also the Memorial Day of Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Death (Dr. Sun Yat-sen was a world-renowned revolutionary who devoted his entire life to overthrowing the Qing Dynasty and established the Republic of China.) for memorizing his contributions on advocating the afforestation drive. The paper used for this month was made of cotton pulp and seeds. After this month ends, the paper could be torn into pieces and planted in the soil.







APRIL







04 Tomb Sweeping Day
On Tomb Sweeping Day, people would visit their ancestors’ and family members’ graves to pay their respects. To give blessings, people would place the rocks on the spirit money and put them on top of the tomb. The spirit money includes five colors including red, yellow, white, green, and dark blue respectively that represent fire, soil, gold, wood, and water. In April, the rock stickers could be used to paste on the hanging five-colored paper, symbolizing the traditional custom on Tomb Sweeping Day.







MAY





05 Labor Day

In Taiwan, Labor Day is the same as the International Workers' Day. The date was chosen by a pan-national organization of socialist and communist political parties to commemorate the Haymarket affair, which occurred in Chicago on 4 May 1886. To present the close and inseparable connection between our lives and laborers, the dates would be changed and seen as long as rotating the gear wheel.







JUNE







06 Dragon Boat Festival

The boat races during the Dragon Boat Festival are traditional customs to attempts to rescue the patriotic poet Chu Yuan. For presenting the beauty of the dragon boat, the scales could be pulled off and the dates would be shown. After this month, the dragon boat would be completed.





JULY





07 Sailing Day

Taiwan is an island. Sailing plays an important role in history time. The Sailing Day in Taiwan memorizes the first Chinese sailing boat carried only by the wind arriving at the United States of America.
Use the iron to explore every corner on this paper!







AUGUST




08 Chinese Valentine’s Day

The seventh daughter of the Emperor of Heaven, the Weaving Maid, and an orphaned cowherd was separated by the Emperor; the girl was forced to move to the star Vega and the cowherd, to the star Altair. They were only allowed to meet on the magpie bridge over the Milky Way once a year on the day of the 7th day of seventh lunar month - Chinese Valentine's Day. On August 25th, after folding the paper, the yin and yang could join together and become a complete circle, symbolizing that only at this day, the lover from this legend could meet each other.







SEPTEMBER




09 The Ghost Festival 

The Ghost Festival is also called Chungyuan Festival. Chungyuan marks the high point of Ghost Month (the 15th day of the seventh lunar month) and is celebrated across Taiwan today in the Chungyuan Pudu or mid-origin passage of universal salvation. On the first day of the seventh lunar month, inviting the ghosts involves opening the ghost gate, and inviting the wandering spirits to come up from the underworld into the light. The end of the Pudu rite is the “closing of the ghost gate" on the 29th day of the seventh lunar month. The offering of food is the most important rite in the Pudu, and believers make sacrifices of rich dishes to sate the lonely ghosts’ appetites.







OCTOBER






 
10 Moon Festival

Moon Festival is also called the “Autumn Harvest Festival”, so while moving the transparent film, people could see the animation of the moon’s changing between dim and bright and the moving of rice spike. Since the Moon Festival is on the fifteenth day of eighth lunar month, the combination of the two circles represents the number ”8”.








NOVEMBER





11 Tap Water Festival

The Tap Water Festival memorizes the declaration of the law of tap water on November 17th, 1966 in Taiwan. The paper used for this month is the paper that could be written by water repeatedly when practicing Chinese calligraphy. Through the writing process, we hope that the importance and value of water could be presented and recognized.   










DECEMBER





12 Winter Solstice Festival

Taiwan locates in the Northern Hemisphere. The solstice in December marks the longest night and the shortest day of the year, while the Southern Hemisphere has its longest day and shortest night. When touching the dates on the calendar, the changing of the ink shows different lengths of day and night each day.


Since Taiwan is founded on farming, the traditional custom of the Winter Solstice Festival contains sticking the red and white rice balls on the foreheads of farm cattle to thank their hard work this year, and as time goes by, this day is also considered the birthday of the farm cattle.